Habits and way of life.

Life in pack and the howl - are the most known wolf's features. They distinguish him from many other mammals and give originality to his biological appearance. The pack represents a family group consisting of multiple age animals that use their territory together. Usually the pack consists of parents, litters and juveniles (the animals which have not yet reached their sexual maturity). But very frequently there also several adult animals, apparently, not participating in reproduction. Number of pack varies from 5 up to 12 animals, but there are also very large packs - up to 22 individuals. The most compact groups wolves keep in the winter, and they are more dispersed - in the summer. The pack breaks up in the late spring, when adult brute and fae set up on their own to breed and grow up puppies. But other members of pack do not leave family territory in the spring and in the summer, they remain, not forming big congestions. Zoologists connect the main advantage of wolves' such way of life in packs with hunting on large ungulate.

The size of family territory strongly depends on a landscape and varies in very wide limits. The biggest family territories are in the open landscapes of tundra, steppe or semi-desert where they reach 1000 - 1250 square kilometers. In a wood are they are smaller - 200 - 250 km2. Wolves mark their territory with urine, excrements or leaving scratches on the tracks, felled trees, separately standing stubs. Wolves' dung, drying up, gets white color and on the open place it is visible from afar. One gets the impression that for leaving their dung wolves sometimes specially choose the most visible places.



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